Population Of Varanasi | Varanasi Population 2021

Varanasi Population 2021:- Varanasi, also known as Banaras, is a city on the banks of the river Ganges in Uttar Pradesh. Varanasi is a major religious hub in India, it is the holiest of the seven sacred cities in Hinduism and Jainism, and played an important role in the development of Buddhism and Ravidassia.

Silk weaving, carpets and crafts, and tourism employ a significant number of the local population, as do the Banaras Locomotive Works and Bharat Heavy Electricals.

Varanasi is known worldwide for its many ghats, embankments made in steps of stone slabs along the river bank where pilgrims perform ritual ablutions. Of particular note are the Dashashwamedh Ghat, the Panchganga Ghat, the Manikarnika Ghat, and the Harishchandra Ghat, the last two being where Hindus cremate their dead.


Varanasi Population

To know the actual Population of Varanasi 2021, We have to look at the population of the past 20 years. They are as follows:

  • 2011:- 1,435,113
  • Varanasi Population 2021:- 1,692,509 (Estimated)

By looking at the Population from 2001-2020. The Population of Varanasi 2021 according to the estimates is 1,692,509.



According to the 2011 census, the Varanasi urban agglomeration had a population of 1,435,113, with 761,060 men and 674,053 women. The literacy rate in the urban agglomeration is 77%.

Hinduism is predominantly followed in Varanasi while Islam being the largest minority. Nearly, 70% of the population follows Hinduism. The city also agglomerates different religions such as Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism, and Buddhism. Varanasi is also a center for Buddhist pilgrimage. At Sarnath, Lord Buddha gave his first teaching after attaining enlightenment.

In addition to its 3,300 Hindu religious places, Varanasi has 12 churches, three Jain mandirs, nine Buddhist shrines, three Gurdwaras, and 1,388 Muslim holy places.



Varanasi’s manufacturing industry is not well developed and is dominated by small-scale industries and household production.

Silk weaving is the dominant industry in Varanasi. Muslims are the influential community in this industry with nearly half a million of them working as weavers, dyers, sari finishers, and salespersons. Varanasi is known throughout India for its production of very fine silk and Banarasi saris, brocades with gold and silver thread work, which are often used for weddings and special occasions. The silk weaving industry has recently been threatened by the rise of power looms and computer-generated designs and by competition from Chinese silk imports.

In the metal manufacturing sector, Banaras Locomotive Works is a major employer. Bharat Heavy Electricals, a large power equipment manufacturer, also operates a heavy equipment maintenance plant.

Tourism is Varanasi’s second most important industry. Domestic tourists most commonly visit for religious purposes while foreign tourists visit ghats along River Ganges and Sarnath. The peak tourist season falls between October and March. Overall, Varanasi’s tourist infrastructure is not well developed.

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